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Email Attachment Integrity

Updated: Jul 8, 2023


Our client received an email with an attachment. The received email was later forwarded by our client to an outside 3rd party. That party alleged that our client modified the email attachment prior to forwarding the email to them.


We were asked to review the email communication chain and associated attachment to determine if any modification was made to the attachment.


We began the process by performing a targeted email collection of our client’s email account. Meaning, we only collected the emails messages relevant and in scope. Upon successful acquisition of the emails, we proceeded to review the various attachments and email messages. Our first objective was to calculate digital fingerprint values of the email attachment found in the email message received by our client. Next, we applied the same digital fingerprint process to the email message and attachment forwarded to the 3rd party.


After comparing the digital fingerprints of the attachment received by our client and forwarded to the 3rd party, we were able to show that both attachments had the same digital fingerprint values. Therefore, no modification of the attachment was done prior to forwarding the email message.



RESOLUTE is a fully-managed cyber risk mitigation service that helps boutique and SMB (small to medium-size business) organizations protect, mitigate, and prepare against constantly evolving cyber threats.

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